Focus on Treaties for Native American Heritage Month
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Treaty of Chicago (1833)

Title: Treaty of Chicago (1833)
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As a matter of tribal law and policy, a treaty is a legal binding agreement between two or more nations. From 1778 to 1871, approximately 370 treaties with Native Americans were ratified by the United States. Although treaties were common among the tribes in the southeastern United States, the Woodlands (eastern United States), the Great Plains, and the Northwest, many tribes in other regions did not routinely negotiate treaties with the United States. For example, few ratified treaties will be found between the United States and tribes in California or between the United States and the Pueblos of the Southwest. The United States did not enter into treaties with any of the Alaska Native sovereigns. The political consequences of treaty making continue to define the legal status of the 565 federally recognized tribal governments within the United States today.

The Treaty of Chicago—a treaty resulting in the the cession of lands in northeastern Illinois, southeastern Wisconsin, and southern Michigan by the United Band of Ottawa, Chippewa, and Potawatomi—was established on September 26, 1833 in Chicago, Illinois.

Articles of a treaty made at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the twenty-sixth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, between George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen and William Weatherford, Commissioners on the part of the United States of the one part, and the United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa and Potawatamie Indians of the other part, being fully represented by the Chiefs and Head-men whose names are hereunto subscribed—which Treaty is in the following words, to wit:

ARTICLE 1.
The said United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa, and Potawatamie Indians, cede to the United States all their land, along the western shore of Lake Michigan, and between this Lake and the land ceded to the United States by the Winnebago nation, at the treaty of Fort Armstrong made on the 15th September 1832—bounded on the north by the country lately ceded by the Menominees, and on the south by the country ceded at the treaty of Prairie du Chien made on the 29th July 1829—supposed to contain about five millions of acres.

ARTICLE 2.
In part consideration of the above cession it is hereby agreed, that the United States shall grant to the said United Nation of Indians to be held as other Indian lands are held which have lately been assigned to emigrating Indians, a tract of country west of the Mississippi river, to be assigned to them by the President of the United States—to be not less in quantity than five millions of acres, and to be located as follows: beginning at the mouth of Boyer's river on the east side of the Missouri river, thence down the said river to the mouth of Naudoway river, thence due east to the west line of the State of Missouri, thence along the said State line to the northwest corner of the State, thence east along the said State line to the point where it is intersected by the western boundary line of the Sacs and Foxes— thence north along the said line of the Sacs and Foxes, so far as that when a straight line shall be run therefrom to the mouth of Boyer's river (the place of beginning) it shall include five millions of acres. And as it is the wish of the Government of the United States that the said nation of Indians should remove to the country thus assigned to them as soon as conveniently can be done; and it is deemed advisable on the part of their Chiefs and Headmen that a deputation should visit the said country west of the Mississippi and thus be assured that full justice has been done, it is hereby stipulated that the United States will defray the expenses of such deputation, to consist of not more than fifty persons, to be accompanied by not more than five individuals to be nominated by themselves, and the whole to be under the general direction of such officer of the United States Government as has been or shall be designated for the purpose.—And it is further agreed that as fast as the said Indians shall be prepared to emigrate, they shall be removed at the expense of the United States, and shall receive subsistence while upon the journey, and for one year after their arrival at their new homes.—It being understood, that the said Indians are to remove from all that part of the land now ceded, which is within the State of Illinois, immediately on the ratification of this treaty, but to be permitted to retain possession of the country north of the boundary line of the said State, for the term of three years, without molestation or interruption and under the protection of the laws of the United States.

ARTICLE 3.
And in further consideration of the above cession, it is agreed, that there shall be paid by the United States the sums of money hereinafter mentioned: to wit.
One hundred thousand dollars to satisfy sundry individuals, in behalf of whom reservations were asked, which the Commissioners refused to grant: and also to indemnify the Chippewa tribe who are parties to this treaty for certain lands along the shore of Lake Michigan, to which they make claim, which have been ceded to the United States by the Menominee Indians—the manner in which the same is to be paid is set forth in Schedule "A" hereunto annexed.
One hundred and fifty thousand dollars to satisfy the claims made against the said United Nation which they have here admitted to be justly due, and directed to be paid, according to Schedule "B" hereunto annexed.
One hundred thousand dollars to be paid in goods and provisions, a part to be delivered on the signing of this treaty and the residue during the ensuing year.
Two hundred and eighty thousand dollars to be paid in annuities of fourteen thousand dollars a year, for twenty years.
One hundred and fifty thousand dollars to be applied to the erection of mills, farm houses, Indian houses and blacksmith shops, to agricultural improvements, to the purchase of agricultural implements and stock, and for the support of such physicians, millers, farmers, blacksmiths and other mechanics, as the President of the United States shall think proper to appoint.
Seventy thousand dollars for purposes of education and the encouragement of the domestic arts, to be applied in such manner, as the President of the United States may direct.—[The wish of the Indians being expressed to the Commissioners as follows: The united nation of Chippewa, Ottowa and Potawatamie Indians being desirous to create a perpetual fund for the purposes of education and the encouragement of the domestic arts, wish to invest the sum of seventy thousand dollars in some safe stock, the interest of which only is to be applied as may be necessary for the above purposes. They therefore request the President of the United States, to make such investment for the nation as he may think best. If however, at any time hereafter, the said nation shall have made such advancement in civilization and have become so enlightened as in the opinion of the President and Senate of the United States they shall be capable of managing so large a fund with safety they may withdraw the whole or any part of it.]
Four hundred dollars a year to be paid to Billy Caldwell, and three hundred dollars a year, to be paid to Alexander Robinson, for life, in addition to the annuities already granted them—Two hundred dollars a year to be paid to Joseph Lafromboise and two hundred dollars a year to be paid to Shabehnay, for life.
Two thousand dollars to be paid to Wau-pon-eh-see and his band, and fifteen hundred dollars to Awn-kote and his band, as the consideration for nine sections of land, granted to them by the 3d Article of the Treaty of Prairie du Chien of the 29th of July 1829 which are hereby assigned and surrendered to the United States.

ARTICLE 4.
A just proportion of the annuity money, secured as well by former treaties as the present, shall be paid west of the Mississippi to such portion of the nation as shall have removed thither during the ensuing three years.—After which time, the whole amount of the annuities shall be paid at their location west of the Mississippi.

ARTICLE 5.
[Stricken out.]

This treaty after the same shall have been ratified by the President and Senate of the United States, shall be binding on the contracting parties.

In testimony whereof, the said George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen, and William Weatherford, and the undersigned chiefs and head men of the said nation of Indians, have hereunto set their hands at Chicago, the said day and year.

G. B. Porter,
Th. J. V. Owen,
William Weatherford,
To-pen-e-bee, his x mark,
Sau-ko-noek,
Che-che-bin-quay, his x mark,
Joseph, his x mark,
Wah-mix-i-co, his x mark,
Ob-wa-qua-unk, his x mark,
N-saw-way-quet, his x mark,
Puk-quech-a-min-nee, his x mark,
Nah-che-wine, his x mark,
Ke-wase, his x mark,
Wah-bou-seh, his x mark,
Mang-e-sett, his x mark,
Caw-we-saut, his x mark,
Ah-be-te-ke-zhic, his x mark,
Pat-e-go-shuc, his x mark,
E-to-wow-cote, his x mark,
Shim-e-nah, his x mark,
O-chee-pwaise, his x mark,
Ce-nah-ge-win, his x mark,
Shaw-waw-nas-see, his x mark,
Shab-eh-nay, his x mark,
Mac-a-ta-o-shic, his x mark,
Squah-ke-zic, his x mark,
Mah-che-o-tah-way, his x mark,
Cha-ke-te-ah, his x mark,
Me-am-ese, his x mark,
Shay-tee, his x mark,
Kee-new, his x mark,
Ne-bay-noc-scum, his x mark,
Naw-bay-caw, his x mark,
O'Kee-mase, his x mark,
Saw-o-tup, his x mark,
Me-tai-way, his x mark,
Na-ma-ta-way-shuc, his x mark,
Shaw-waw-nuk-wuk, his x mark,
Nah-che-wah, his x mark,
Sho-bon-nier, his x mark,
Me-nuk-quet, his x mark,
Chis-in-ke-bah, his x mark,
Mix-e-maung, his x mark,
Nah-bwait, his x mark,
Sen-e-bau-um, his x mark,
Puk-won, his x mark,
Wa-be-no-say, his x mark,
Mon-tou-ish, his x mark,
No-nee, his x mark,
Mas-quat, his x mark,
Sho-min, his x mark,
Ah-take, his x mark,
He-me-nah-wah, his x mark,
Che-pec-co-quah, his x mark,
Mis-quab-o-no-quah, his x mark,
Wah-be-Kai, his x mark,
Ma-ca-ta-ke-shic, his x mark,
Sho-min, (2d.) his x mark,
She-mah-gah, his x mark,
O'ke-mah-wah-ba-see, his x mark,
Na-mash, his x mark,
Shab-y-a-tuk, his x mark,
Ah-cah-o-mah, his x mark,
Quah-quah, tah, his x mark,
Ah-sag-a-mish-cum, his x mark,
Pa-mob-a-mee, his x mark,
Nay-o-say, his x mark,
Ce-tah-quah, his x mark,
Ce-ku-tay, his x mark,
Sauk-ee, his x mark,
Ah-quee-wee, his x mark,
Ta-cau-ko, his x mark,
Me-shim-e-nah, his x mark,
Wah-sus-kuk, his x mark,
Pe-nay-o-cat, his x mark,
Pay-maw-suc, his x mark,
Pe-she-ka, his x mark,
Shaw-we-mon-e-tay, his x mark,
Ah-be-nab, his x mark,
Sau-sau-quas-see, his x mark,

In presence of—
Wm. Lee D. Ewing, secretary to commission,
E. A. Brush,
Luther Rice, interpreter,
James Conner, interpreter,
John T. Schermerhorn, commissioner, etc. west,
A. C. Pepper, S. A. R. P.
Gho. Kercheval, sub-agent,
Geo. Bender, major, Fifth Regiment Infantry,
D. Wilcox, captain, Fifth Regiment,
J. M. Baxley, captain, Fifth Infantry,
R. A. Forsyth, U. S. Army,
L. T. Jamison, lieutenant, U. S. Army,
E. K. Smith, lieutenant, Fifth Infantry,
P. Maxwell, assistant surgeon,
J. Allen, lieutenant, Fifth Infantry,
I. P. Simonton, lieutenant, U. S. Army,
George F. Turner, assistant surgeon, U. S.Army,
Richd. J. Hamilton,
Robert Stuart,
Jona. McCarty,
Daniel Jackson, of New York,
Jno. H. Kinzie,
Robt. A. Kinzie,
G. S. Hubbard,
J. C. Schwarz, adjutant general M. M.
Jn. B. Beaubrier,
James Kinzie,
Jacob Beeson,
Saml. Humes Porter,
Andw. Porter,
Gabriel Godfroy,
A. H. Arndt,
Laurie Marsh,
Joseph Chaunier,
John Watkins,
B. B. Kercheval,
Jas. W. Berry,
Wm. French,
Thomas Forsyth,
Pierre Menard, Fils,
Edmd. Roberts,
Geo. Hunt,
Isaac Nash.

SCHEDULE "A."
(Referred to in the Treaty, containing the sums payable to Individuals in lieu of Reservations.)
     Dollars.
Jesse Walker    1500
Henry Cleveland    800
Rachel Hall    600
Sylvia Hall    600
Joseph Laframboise and children    1000
Victoire Porthier and her children    700
Jean Bt. Miranda
Jane Miranda
Rosetta Miranda
Thomas Miranda    }For each of whom John H. Kinzie is Trustee    300
200
300
400
Alexander Muller, Gholson Kercheval, trustee    800
Paschal Muller, Gholson Kercheval, trustee    800
Margaret Muller    200
Socra Muller    200
Angelique Chevalier    200
Josette Chevallier    200
Joseph Chevalier    400
Fanny Leclare (Captain David Hunter, Trustee)    400
Daniel Bourassa's children    600
Nancy Contraman
Sally Contraman
Betsey Contraman    }For each of whom J. B Campbell is Trustee    600
Alexis Laframboise    800
Alexis Laframbois' children    1200
Mrs. Mann's children    600
Mrs. Mann (daughter of Antoine Ouilmet)    400
Geo. Turkey's children (Fourtier) Th. J. V. Owen Trustee    500
Jacques Chapeau's children, Th. J. V. Owen Trustee    600
Antonie Roscum's children    750
Francois Burbonnais' Senrs. children    400
Francis Burbonnais'Jnr. children    300
John Bt. Cloutier's children, (Robert A. Kinsie Trustee)    600
Claude Lafromboise's children    300
Antoine Ouilmet's children    200
Josette Ouilmot (John H. Kinzie, Trustee)    200
Mrs. Welsh (daughter of Antoine Ouilmet)    200
Alexander Robinson's children    400
Billy Caldwell's children    600
Mo-ah-way    200
Medare B. Beaubien    300
Charles H. Beaubien    300
John K. Clark's Indian children, (Richard J. Hamilton, Trustee)    400
Josette Juno and her children    1000
Angelique Juno    300
Josette Beaubien's children    1000
Mah-go-que's child (James Kinzie, Trustee)    300
Esther, Rosene and Eleanor Bailly    500
Sophia, Hortense and Therese Bailly    1000
Rosa and Mary children of Hoo-mo-ni-gah wife of Stephen Mack    600
Jean Bt. Rabbu's children    400
Francis Chevallier's children    800
Mrs. Nancy Jamison and child    800
Co-pah, son of Archange    250
Martha Burnett (R. A. Forsyth, Trustee)    1000
Isadore Chabert's child (G. S. Hubbard Trustee)    400
Chee-bee-quai or Mrs. Allen    500
Luther Rice and children    2500
John Jones    1000
Pierre Corbonno's Children    800
Pierre Chalipeaux's children    1000
Phoebe Treat and children    1000
Robert Forsyth of St. Louis Mo    500
Alexander Robinson    5000
Billy Caldwell    5000
Joseph Laframboise    3000
Nis noan see (B. B. Kercheval Trustee)    200
Margaret Hall    1000
James, William, David and Sarah children of Margaret Hall    3200
Margaret Ellen Miller, Montgomery Miller and Finly Miller, grandchildren of Margaret Hall, for each of whom Richard J. Hamilton of Chicago is Trustee    800
Jean Letendre's children    200
Bernard Grignon    100
Josette Polier    100
Joseph Vieux, Jacques Vieux, Louis Vieux, and Josette Vieux each $100    400
Angelique Hardwick's children    1800
Joseph Bourassa and Mark Bourassa    200
Jude Bourassa and Therese Bourassa    200
     Dollars.
Stephen Bourassa and Gabriel Bourassa    200
Alexander Bourassa and James Bourassa    200
Elai Bourassa and Jerome Bourassa    200
M. D. Bourassa    100
Ann Rice and her Son William M. Rice and Nephew John Leib    1000
Agate Biddle and her children    900
Magdaline Laframboise and her son    400
Therese Schandler    200
Joseph Daily's son and daughter Robert and Therese    500
Therese Lawe and George Lawe    200
David Lawe and Rachel Lawe    200
Rebecca Lawe and Maria Lawe    200
Polly Lawe and Jane Lawe    200
Appotone Lawe    100
Angelique Vieux and Amable Vieux    200
Andre Vieux and Nicholas Vieux    200
Pierre Vieux and Maria Vieux    200
Madaline Thibeault    100
Paul Vieux and Joseph Vieux    200
Susanne Vieux    100
Louis Grignon and his son Paul    200
Paul Grignon Sen'r. and Amable Grignon    200
Perish and Robert Grignon    200
Catist Grignon and Elizabeth Grignon    200
Ursal Grignon and Charlotte Grignon    200
Louise Grignon and Rachel Grignon    200
Agate Porlier and George Grignon    200
Amable Grignon and Emily Grignon    200
Therese Grignon and Simon Grignon    200
William Burnett (B. B. Kercheval Trustee)    1000
Shan-na-nees    400
Josette Beaubien    500
For the Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatamie Students at the Choctaw Academy. The Hon. R. M. Johnson to be the Trustee.    5000
James and Richard J. Connor    700
Pierre Duverney and Children    300
Joshua Boyd's Children (Geo. Boyd Esq to be the Trustee.)    500
Joseph Bailly    4000
R. A. Forsyth    3000
Gabriel Godfroy    2420
Thomas R. Covill    1300
George Hunt    750
James Kinzie    5000
Joseph Chaunier    550
John and Mark Noble    180
Alexis Provansalle    100
One hundred thousand dollars    $100,000
SCHEDULE "B."
(Referred to in the treaty containing the sums payable to individuals, on claims admitted to be justly due, and directed to be paid.) [See Second Amendment, at end of this treaty.]
     Dollars.
Brewster Hogan & Co.    343
John S. C. Hogan    50
Frederick H. Contraman    200
Brookfield & Bertrand    100
R. E. Heacock    100
George W. McClure, U. S. A.    125
David McKee    180
Oliver Emmell    300
George Hollenbeck    100
Martha Gray    78
Charles Taylor    187
Joseph Naper    71
John Mann    200
James Walker    200
     Dollars.
John Blackstone    100
Harris & McCord    175
George W. Dole    133
George Haverhill    60
William Whistler, U. S. A.    1000
Squire Thompson    100
C. C. Trowbridge    2000
Louis Druillard    350
Abraham Francis    25
D. R. Bearss & Co    250
Dr. E. Winslow    150
Nicholas Klinger    77
Joseph Porthier    200
Clark Hollenbeck    50
Henry Enslen    75
Robert A. Kinzie    1216
Joseph Ogie    200
Thomas Hartzell    400
Calvin Britain    46
Benjamin Fry    400
Pierre F. Navarre    100
C. H. Chapman    30
James Kinzie    300
G. S. Hubbard    125
Jacque Jenveaux    150
John B. Du Charme    55
John Wright    15
James Galloway    200
William Marquis    150
Louis Chevalier, Adm'r of J. B. Chevalier dec'd    112
Solomon McCullough    100
Joseph Curtis    50
Edward E. Hunter    90
Rachel Legg    25
Peter Lamseet    100
Robert Beresford    200
G. W. & W. Laird    150
M. B. Beaubien    440
Jeduthan Smith    60
Edmund Weed    100
Philip Maxwell, U. S. A.    35
Henry Gratiot    116
Tyler K. Blodgett    50
Nehemiah King    125
S. P. Brady    188
James Harrington    68
Samuel Ellice    50
Peter Menard, Maumee    500
John W. Anderson    350
David Bailey    50
Wm. G. Knaggs    100
John Hively    150
John B. Bertrand, Sen'r    50
Robert A. Forsyth    3000
Maria Kercheval    3000
Alice Hunt    3000
Jane C. Forsyth    3000
John H. Kinzie    5000
Ellen M. Wolcott    5000
Maria Hunter    5000
Robert A. Kinzie    5000
Samuel Godfroy    120
John E. Schwarz    4800
Joseph Loranger    5000
H. B. and G. W. Hoffman    358
Phelps & Wendell    660
Henry Johns    270
Benjamin C. Hoyt    20
John H. Kinzie, in trust for the heirs of Jos. Miranda, dec'd    250
Francis Burbonnais, Senr    500
Francis Burbonnais, junr    200
R. A. Forsyth, in trust for Catherine McKenzie    1000
James Laird    50
Montgomery Evans    250
Joseph Bertrand, jr    300
     Dollars.
George Hunt    900
Benjamin Sherman    150
W. and F. Brewster, Assignees of Joseph Bertrand, Senr    700
John Forsyth, in trust for the heirs of Charles Peltier, dec'd    900
William Hazard    30
James Shirley    125
Jacob Platter    25
John B. Bourie    2500
B. B. Kercheval    1500
Charles Lucier    75
Mark Beaubien    500
Catharine Stewart    82
Francis Mouton    200
Dr. William Brown    40
R. A. Forsyth, in trust for heirs of Charles Guion    200
Joseph Bertrand, Senr    652
Moses Rice    800
James Connor    2250
John B. Du Charme    250
Coquillard & Comparet    5000
Richard J. Hamilton    500
Adolphus Chapin    80
John Dixon    140
Wm. Huff    81
Stephen Mack, in trust for the heirs of Stephen Mack, dec'd    500
Thomas Forsyth    1500
Felix Fontaine    200
Jacque Mette    200
Francis Boucher    250
Margaret Helm    2000
O. P. Lacy    1000
Henry and Richard J. Connor    1500
James W. Craig    50
R. A. Forsyth (Maumee)    1300
Antoine Peltier do.    200
R. A. Forsyth, in trust for Wau-se-on-o-quet    300
John E. Hunt    1450
Payne C. Parker    70
Isaac Hull    1000
Foreman Evans    32
Horatio N. Curtis    300
Ica Rice    250
Thomas P. Quick    35
George B. Woodcox    60
John Woodcox    40
George B. Knaggs    1400
Ebenezer Read    100
George Pomeroy    150
Thomas K. Green    70
William Mieure, in trust for Willis Fellows    500
Z. Cicott    1800
John Johnson    100
Antoine Antilla    100
John Baldwin    500
Isaac G. Bailey    100
James Cowen    35
Joseph D. Lane    50
T. E. Phelps    250
Edmund Roberts    50
Augustus Bona    60
E. C. Winter & Co    1850
Charles W. Ewing    200
Antoine Ouilmett    800
John Bt. Chandonai, ($1000 of this sum to be paid to Robert Stuart, agent of American Fur Company, by the particular request of Jno. B. Chandonai,)    2500
Lowrin Marsh    3290
P. & J. J. Godfroy    2000
David Hull    500
Andrew Drouillard    500
Jacob Beeson & Co    220
Jacob Beeson    900
John Anderson    600
John Green    100
James B. Campbell    600
     Dollars.
Pierre Menard, Jun. in right of G. W. Campbell    250
George E. Walker    1000
Joseph Thebault    50
Gideon Lowe, U. S. A.    160
Pierre Menard, Jun    2000
John Tharp    45
Pierre Menard, Junr. in trust for Marie Tremblê    500
Henry B. Stillman    300
John Hamblin    500
Francois Pagê    100
George Brooks    20
Franklin McMillan    100
Lorance Shellhouse    30
Martin G. Shellhouse    35
Peter Bellair    150
Joseph Morass    200
John I. Wendell    2000
A. T. Hatch    300
Stephen Downing    100
Samuel Miller    100
Moses Hardwick    75
Margaret May    400
Frances Felix    1100
John B. Bourie    500
Harriet Ewing    500
Nancy Hedges    500
David Bourie    500
Caroline Ferry    500
Bowrie & Minie    500
Charles Minie    600
Francis Minie    700
David Bourie    150
Henry Ossum Reed    200
Françoise Bezion    2500
Dominique Rousseau    500
Hanna & Taylor    1570
John P. Hedges    1000
Francoise Chobare    1000
Isadore Chobare    600
Jacob Leephart    700
Amos Amsden    400
Nicholas Boilvin    350
Archibald Clyburn    200
William Conner (Michigan)    70
Tunis S. Wendall    500
Noel Vasseur    800
James Abbott, agent of the American Fur Company    2300
Robert Stewart, agent of the American Fur Company    17000
Solomon Jeauneau    2100
John Bt. Beaubien    250
Stephen Mack, Jnr    350
John Lawe    3000
Alexis Larose    1000
Daniel Whitney    1350
P. & A. Grignon    650
Louis Grignon    2000
Jacques Vieux    2000
Laframboise & Bourassa    1300
Heirs of N. Boilvin, deceased    1000
John K. Clark    400
William G. & G. W. Ewing    5000
Rufus Hitchcock    400
Reed and Coons    200
B. H. Laughton    1000
Rufus Downing    500
Charles Reed    
200    
One hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars    $175,000
The above claims have been admitted and directed to be paid, only in case they be accepted in full of all claims and demands up to the present date.

Th. J. V. Owen,
William Weatherford.
Agreeably to the stipulations contained in the 3d Article of the Treaty, there have been purchased and delivered at the request of the Indians, goods, provisions and horses to the amount of sixty-five thousand dollars (leaving the balance to be supplied in the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-four, thirty-five thousand dollars.)
As evidence of the purchase and delivery as aforesaid under the direction of the said Commissioners, and that the whole of the same have been received by the said Indians, the said George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen and William Weatherford, and the undersigned Chiefs and Head-men on behalf of the said United Nation of Indians have hereunto set their hands the twenty-seventh day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three.

G. B. Porter,
Th. J. V. Owen,
William Weatherford,
Jo-pen-e-bee, his x mark,
We-saw, his x mark,
Ne-kaw-nosh-kee, his x mark,
Wai-saw-o-ke-ne-aw, his x mark,
Ne-see-waw-bee-tuck, his x mark,
Kai-kaw-tai-mon, his x mark,
Saw-ko-nosh,
Tshee-Tshee-chin-be-quay, his x mark,
Joseph, his x mark,
Shab-e-nai, his x mark,
Ah-be-te-ke-zhic, his x mark,
E-to-won-cote, his x mark,
Shab-y-a-tuk, his x mark,
Me-am-ese, his x mark,
Wah-be-me-mee, his mark,
Shim-e-nah, his x mark,
We-in-co, his x mark,

In presence of—
Wm. Lee D. Ewing, secretary to the commission,
R. A. Forsyth, U. S. Army,
Madn. F. Abbott,
Saml. Humes Porter,
Andw. Porter,
Joseph Bertrand, junr.
Jno. H. Kinzie,
James Conner, interpreter,
J. E. Schwarz, adjutant-general, M. M.

Sept. 27, 1833. | 7 Stat., 442.
Articles supplementary, to the treaty made at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the 26th day of September, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, between George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen and William Weatherford, Commissioners on the part of the United States, of the one part, and the United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa, and Potawatamie Indians, of the other part, concluded at the same place on the twenty-seventh day of September, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, between the said Commissioners on the part of the United States of the one part, and the Chiefs and Head-men of the said United Nation of Indians, residing upon the reservations of land situated in the Territory of Michigan, south of Grand river, of the other part.

ARTICLE 1.
The said chiefs and head-men cede to the United States, all their land situate in the Territory of Michigan south of Grand river being the reservation at Notawasepe of 4 miles square contained in the 3d clause of the 2d article of the treaty made at Chicago, on the 29th day of August 1821, and the ninety-nine sections of land contained in the treaty made at St. Joseph on the 19th day of Sept. 1827;—and also the tract of land on St. Joseph river opposite the town of Niles, and extending to the line of the State of Indiana, on which the villages of To-pe-ne-bee and Pokagon are situated, supposed to contain about 49 sections.

ARTICLE 2.
In consideration of the above cession, it is hereby agreed that the said chiefs and head-men and their immediate tribes shall be considered as parties to the said treaty to which this is supplementary, and be entitled to participate in all the provisions therein contained, as a part of the United Nation; and further, that there shall be paid by the United States, the sum of one hundred thousand dollars: to be applied as follows.
Ten thousand dollars in addition to the general fund of one hundred thousand dollars, contained in the said treaty to satisfy sundry individuals in behalf of whom reservations were asked which the Commissioners refused to grant;—the manner in which the same is to be paid being set forth in the schedule "A," hereunto annexed.
Twenty-five thousand dollars in addition to the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars contained in the said Treaty, to satisfy the claims made against all composing the United Nation of Indians, which they have admitted to be justly due, and directed to be paid according to Schedule "B," to the Treaty annexed.
Twenty-five thousand dollars, to be paid in goods, provisions and horses, in addition to the one hundred thousand dollars contained in the Treaty.
And forty thousand dollars to be paid in annuities of two thousand dollars a year for twenty years, in addition to the two hundred and eighty thousand dollars inserted in the Treaty, and divided into payments of fourteen thousand dollars a year.

ARTICLE 3.
All the Indians residing on the said reservations in Michigan shall remove therefrom within three years from this date, during which time they shall not be disturbed in their possession, nor in hunting upon the lands as heretofore. In the mean time no interruption shall be offered to the survey and sale of the same by the United States. In case, however, the said Indians shall sooner remove the Government may take immediate possession thereof.

ARTICLE 4.
[Stricken out. See 4th Amendment at end of treaty.]

These supplementary articles after the same shall have been ratified by the President and Senate of the United States shall be binding on the contracting parties.

In testimony whereof, the said George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen, and William Weatherford, and the undersigned chiefs and head men of the said United Nation of Indians, have hereunto set their hands at Chicago, the said day and year.

G. B. Porter,
Th. J. V. Owen,
William Weatherford,
To-pen-e-bee, his x mark,
We-saw, his x mark,
Ne-kaw-nosh-kee, his x mark,
Wai-saw-o-ko-ne-aw, his x mark,
Po-ka-gon, his x mark,
Kai-kaw-tai-mon, his x mark,
Pe-pe-ah, his x mark,
Ne-see-waw-bee-tuck, his x mark,
Kitchee-bau, his x mark,
Pee-chee-ko, his x mark,
Nai-gaw-geucke, his x mark,
Wag-maw-kan-so, his x mark,
Mai-go-sai, his x mark,
Nai-chee-wai, his x mark,
Aks-puck-sick, his x mark,
Kaw-kai-mai, his x mark,
Mans-kai-sick, his x mark,
Pam-ko-wuck, his x mark,
No-taw-gai, his x mark,
Kauk-muck-kisin, his x mark,
Wee-see-mon, his x mark,
Mo-so-ben-net, his x mark,
Kee-o-kum, his x mark,
Maatch-kee, his x mark,
Kaw-bai-me-sai, his x mark,
Wees-ke-qua-tap, his x mark,
Ship-she-wuh-no, his x mark,
Wah-co-mah-o-pe-tuk, his x mark,
Ne-so-wah-quet, his x mark,
Shay-o-no, his x mark,
Ash-o-nees, his x mark,
Mix-i-nee, his x mark,
Ne-wah-ox-sec, his x mark,
Sauk-e-mau, his x mark,
Shaw-waw-nuk-wuk, his x mark,
Mo-rah, his x mark,
Suk-see, his x mark,
Quesh-a-wase, his x mark,
Pat-e-go-to, his x mark,
Mash-ke-oh-see, his x mark,
Mo-nase, his x mark,
Wab-e-kaie, his x mark,
Shay-oh-new, his x mark,
Mo-gua-go, his x mark,
Pe-qua-shuc, his x mark,
A-muwa-noc-sey, his x mark,
Kau-ke-che-ke-to, his x mark,
Shaw-waw-nuk-wuk, his x mark,

In presence of—
Wm. Lee D. Ewing, secretary to the commission,
E. A. Brush,
Luther Rice, interpreter,
James Conner, interpreter,
Joseph Bertrand, jr., interpreter,
Geo. Kercheval, sub Indian agent,
J. L. Thompson, lieutenant Fifth Infantry,
J. Allen, lieutenant Fifth Infantry.
P. Maxwell, assistant surgeon U. S. Army,
Geo. F. Turner, assistant surgeon U. S. Army,
B. B. Kercheval,
Thomas Forsyth,
Daniel Jackson, of New York,
J. E. Schwarz, adjutant-general M. M.
Robt. A. Kinzie,
G. S. Hubbard,
Geo. Bender, major Fifth Regiment Infantry,
D. Wilcox, captain Fifth Regiment,
J. M. Baxley, captain Fifth Infantry,
R. A. Forsyth, U. S. Army,
L. T. Jamison, lieutenant U. S. Army,
O. K. Smith, lieutenant Fifth Infantry,
L. M. Taylor,
Pierre Menard, fils,
Jacob Beeson.
Samuel Humes Porter,
Edmd. Roberts,
Jno. H. Kinzie,
Jas. W. Berry,
Gabriel Godfroy, jr.
Geo. Hunt,
A. H. Arndt,
Andw. Porter,
Isaac Nash,
Richard J. Hamilton.

SCHEDULE "A",
Referred to in the Article supplementary to the Treaty, containing the sums payable to Individuals, in lieu of Reservations of Land.
     Dollars.
Po-ka-gon    2000
Rebecca Burnett
Mary Burnett    }Edward Brooks Trustee for each    500
250
Martha Burnett (R. A. Forsyth Trustee)    250
Madaline Bertrand    200
Joseph Bertrand Junr    200
Luke Bertrand Junr    200
Benjamin Bertrand    200
Lawrence Bertrand    200
Theresa Bertrand    200
Amable Bertrand    200
Julianne Bertrand    200
Joseph H. Bertrand    100
Mary M. Bertrand    100
M. L. Bertrand    100
John B. Du Charme    200
Elizabeth Du Charme (R. A. Forsyth Trustee)    800
George Henderson    400
Mary Nado and children    400
John Bt. Chandonai    1000
Charles Chandonai
Mary Chandonai    }For each of whom R. A. Forsyth is Trustee    400
400
Mary St. Comb and children    300
Sa-gen-nais' daughter    200
Me-chain, daughter of Pe-che-co    200
Alexis Rolan    200
Polly Neighbush    200
Francois Page's wife and children    200
Pierre F. Navarre's children    100
Jarmont (half breed)    100
Ten thousand dollars    $10,000
________________________________________
Sept. 27, 1833.
Agreeably to the stipulations contained in the Articles supplementary to the Treaty, there have been purchased and delivered at the request of the Indians, Goods, Provisions and Horses to the amount of fifteen thousand dollars (leaving the balance to be supplied hereafter ten thousand dollars.)
As evidence of the purchase and delivery as aforesaid, under the direction of the said commissioners, and that the whole of the same been received by the said Indians, and the said George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen, and William Weatherford, and the undersigned chiefs and head men on behalf of the said United Nation of Indians, have hereunto set their hands the twenty-seventh day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three.

G. B. Porter,
Th. J. V. Owen,
William Weatherford,
To-pen-e-bee, his x mark,
Wee-saw, his x mark,
Ne-kaw-nosh-kee, his x mark,
Wai-saw-o-ko-ne-aw, his x mark,
Ne-see-waw-be-tuk, his x mark,
Kai-kaw-tai-mon, his x mark,
Saw-Ka-Nosh, his x mark,
Tshee-tshee-chin-ke-bequay, his x mark,
Joseph, his x mark,
Shab-e-nai, his x mark,
Ah-be-to-ke-Zhic, his x mark,
E-to-wau-coto, his x mark,
Shab-y-a-tuk, his x mark,
Me-am-ese, his x mark,
Wah-be-me-mee, his x mark,
Shim-e-nah, his x mark,
We-in-co, his x mark,

In presence of—
Wm. Lee D. Ewing, secretary to the commission,
R. A. Forsyth, U. S. Army,
John H. Kinzie,
Madn. F. Abbott,
Saml. Humes Porter,
Joseph Bertrand, junr.
Andw. Porter,
J. E. Schwarz, adjutant-general M. M.
James Conner, interpreter.
________________________________________
On behalf of the Chiefs and Head men of the United Nation of Indians who signed the treaty to which these articles are supplementary we hereby, in evidence of our concurrence therein, become parties thereto.

And, as since the signing of the treaty a part of the band residing on the reservations in the Territory of Michigan, have requested, on account of their religious creed, permission to remove to the northern part of the peninsula of Michigan, it is agreed that in case of such removal the just proportion of all annuities payable to them under former treaties and that arising from the sale of the reservation on which they now reside shall be paid to them at, L'arbre, Croche

Witness our hands, the said day and year.
Saw-ka-nosh, his x mark,
Che-ohe-bin-quay, his x mark,
Ah-be-te-ke-zhic, his x mark,
Shab-e-nay, his x mark,
O-cheep-pwaise, his x mark,
Maug-e-sett, his x mark,
Shim-e-nah, his x mark,
Ke-me-nah-wah, his x mark,

In the presence of—
Wm. Lee D. Ewing, secretary to the commission,
Jno. H. Kinzie,
Richd. J. Hamilton,
Robert Stuart,
R. A. Forsyth, U. S. Army,
Saml. Humes Porter,
J. E. Schwarz, adjutant-genera. M. M.
James Conner, interpreter.
________________________________________
The Commissioners certify that when these supplementary articles were ready for signature, the original paper of which the annexed is a copy was presented by Messrs. Peter and James J. Godfroy, and the due execution of it was made satisfactorily appear to the Commissioners, the subscribing witnesses R A Forsyth and Robert A Kinzie being present.—The Chiefs and Head men present recognizing this as a reservation, it was agreed that it shall be considered in the same light as though the purport of the instrument had been inserted in the body of the treaty;—with the understanding that the rejection of it by the President and Senate of the United States shall not affect the validity of the treaty.
G. B. PORTER,
TH. J. V. OWEN,
WILLIAM WEATHERFORD.
(Copy of the instrument referred to in the above certificate.—)
________________________________________
May 18, 1830.

Know all men by these presents that we the undersigned Chiefs and Young men of the Potawatamie tribe of Indians living at Na-to-wa-se-pe in the territory of Michigan, for and in consideration of the friendship and sundry services rendered to us by Peter and James J. Godfroy we do hereby by these presents give, grant, alien, transfer and convey unto the said Godfroys their heirs and assigns forever one entire section of land situate lying and being on our reserve of Na-to-wa-se-pe, in the Territory aforesaid to be located by said Godfroys wherever on said reserve they shall think it more to their advantage and benefit.

It is moreover the wishes of the undersigned Chiefs and Young men as aforesaid, that so soon as there shall be a treaty held between the United States and our said tribe of Pottawatamies, that our great father the President confirm and make good this our grant unto them, the said Godfroys by issuing a patent therefor to them and to their heirs forever.—In so doing our great father will accomplish the wishes of his children.
Done at Detroit, this eighteenth day of May, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and thirty.
In witness whereof, we have hereunto signed, sealed, and set our hands and seals, the day and year last above written.

Penenchese, his x mark, [L. S.]
Pit-goit-ke-se, his x mark, [L. S.]
Nah-o-te-nan, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ke-a-sac-wa, his x mark, [L. S.]
Sko-paw-ka, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ce-ce-baw, his x mark, [L. S.]
Na-wa-po-to, his x mark, [L. S.]
To-ta-gas, his x mark, [L. S.]
Pierre Morin, alias Perish, his x mark, [L. S.]
We-say-gah, his x mark, [L. S.]

Signed, sealed, and delivered in the presence of us—
R. A. Forsyth,
Robt. A. Kinzie,
G. Godfroy,

    Witnesses to the signature of Pierre Morin, alias Perish, and Wa-say-gah.
Richard Godfroy,
Francis Mouton.
Chicago, Illinois, Oct. 1, 1834.
THO. J. V. OWEN, Esqr.
U. S. Indian Agent.

Oct. 1, 1834.
FATHER: Feeling a disposition to comply with the resolution of Senate of the United States, and the views of the Government in relation to an alteration in the boundaries of the country ceded to the United nation of Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatamie Indians at the treaty at Chicago in the State of Illinois, concluded on the 26th and 27th days of September 1833:—we therefore propose as the chiefs of the said united nation, and for and on their behalf that we will accept of the following alteration in the boundaries of the said tract of country viz:—Beginning at the mouth of Boyer's river; thence down the Missouri river, to a point thereon; from which a due east line would strike the northwest corner of the State of Missouri; thence along the said east line, to the northwest corner of said State; then along the northern boundary line of the said State of Missouri, till it strikes the line of the lands of the Sac and Fox Indians; thence northwardly along said line to a point from which a west line would strike the sources of the Little Sioux river; thence along said west line, till it strikes the said sources of said river; then down said river to its mouth; thence down the Missouri river to the place of beginning: Provided the said boundary shall contain five million of acres; but should it contain more, then said boundaries are to be reduced so as to contain the said five millions of acres.

And, in consideration of the alteration of said boundary we ask that ten thousand dollars should be paid to such commissioner, as shall be designated by us to receive the same west of the Mississippi river, at such place on the tract of country ceded to the said united nation as we may designate, and to be applied, as we may direct for the use and benefit of the said nation. And the further sum of two thousand dollars to be paid to Gholson Kercheval, of Chicago, Ill.: for services rendered the said united nation of Indians during the late war, between the U. S. Government and the Sacs and Foxes; and the further sum of one thousand dollars to George E. Walker for services rendered the said United nation, in bringing Indian prisoners, from west of the Mississippi river to Ottawa, Lasalle county, Ill. for whose appearance at the circuit court of said county, the said nation was bound.
The foregoing propositions are made with the expectation, that with the exception of the alteration in the proposed boundary, and the indemnity herein demanded as an equivalent for said exchange, the whole of the treaty made and concluded at this place on the 26th and 27th days of September 1833, be ratified as made and concluded at that time, within the space of five months from the present date; otherwise it is our wish that the whole of the said treaty should be considered as cancelled.

In witness whereof, we, the undersigned chiefs of the said United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa, and Pattawatamie Indians, being specially delegated with power and authority to effect this negotiation, have hereto set our hands and seals, at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the first day of October, A. D. 1834.

R. Caldwell, [L. S.]
Kee-tshee-zhing-ee-beh, his x mark, [L. S.]
Tshee-tshee-beeng-guay, his x mark, [L. S.]
Joseph, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ob-ee-tah-kee-zhik, his x mark, [L. S.]
Wau-bon-see, his x mark, [L. S.]
Kay-kot-ee-mo, his x mark, [L. S.]

In presence of—
Richd. J. Hamilton,
Jno. H. Kenzie,
Dr. P. Maxwell, U. S. Army,
J. Grant, jr.,
E. M. Owen,
J. M. Baxley, captain Fifth Infantry.
 

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