Focus on Treaties for Native American Heritage Month
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Treaty Site: Dancing Rabbit Creek, Mississippi

Dancing Rabbit Creek in Mississippi was the site of an important council ground. At this site, the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek (1830) was signed on September 27, 1830. This agreement involved the United States and a faction of the Choctaw Nation in Mississippi. It is commonly referred to as the Choctaw Removal Treaty.

After the signing of this treaty, the Choctaw people were forced to move from their ancient homelands in Mississippi to the unexplored area of the American West called the Great American Desert. Most of this area became the state of Oklahoma in 1906.

The council ground at Dancing Rabbit Creek lies between two branches of Dancing Rabbit Creek within Noxubee County in what is now the state of Mississippi. A granite monument was placed there in 1928 by the Bernard Romans Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution of Columbus, Mississippi.

The Mississippi band of Choctaw resides on a reservation of 30,000 acres near this site.

Donna L. Akers

Further Reading
Baird, W. David. The Choctaw People. Phoenix, AZ: Indian Tribal Series, 1973; Cushman, H. B. History of the Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Natchez Indians. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1999; Debo, Angie. The Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1967; Kidwell, Clara Sue. Choctaws and Missionaries in Mississippi, 1818–1918. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1995; McKee, Jesse O., and Jon A. Schlenker. The Choctaws: Cultural Evolution of a Native American Tribe. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1980.

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