Rather than advocating social justice, the study's key recommendations revolved around safeguarding American strategic and economic interests. Maintaining South Africa's gold production was the chief financial concern, while the prime strategic goal was limiting Soviet and Chinese influence in the area. Conceivably, these policies were intended not only to enhance the U.S. government's regional influence but also to reduce the likelihood of American military intervention in an African civil conflict. The report stated explicitly that "the whites are here to stay and the only way that constructive change can come about is through them."
Scot D. Bruce
El-Khawas, Mohamed A., and Barry Cohen, eds. The Kissinger Study of Southern Africa: National Security Study Memorandum 39 (SECRET). Westport, CT: Lawrence Hill, 1976.; Hesse, Brian J. The United States, South Africa, and Africa: Of Grand Foreign Policy Aims and Modest Means. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2001.; Prados, John. Keepers of the Keys: A History of the National Security Council from Truman to Bush. New York: Morrow, 1991.