Connally was President Franklin Roosevelt's point man during the struggle to modify the Neutrality Acts beginning in 1940 and played a vital role in securing passage of the 1941 Lend-Lease Act. Connally chaired the powerful Senate Foreign Relations Committee during the later years of Roosevelt's administration and for all but two of President Harry S. Truman's years in office. Connally was vice chairman of the U.S. delegation to the United Nations (UN) Conference in San Francisco in 1945, where he helped draft the UN Charter.
Senator Connally supported a bipartisan Cold War foreign policy and a unified front against the perceived communist threat at home and abroad. To that end, he helped secure passage of the National Security Act (1947), funding for Greece and Turkey that resulted in the Truman Doctrine (1947), and the 1949 ratification of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). His last years in the Senate were spent championing foreign aid and an internationalist foreign policy, often against harsh conservative opposition. After retiring from the Senate in 1953, Connolly practiced law in Washington, D.C., where he died on 28 October 1963.
Green, George N. The Establishment in Texas Politics. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1979.