Double Victory: Minorities and Women During World War II
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The Cairo Conference Declaration, 23–25 November 1943

In late November 1943 Churchill and Roosevelt met at Cairo with China's leader, Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek), before proceeding to Tehran, where the two joined Stalin. At the conclusion of the Tehran meeting, they issued a public declaration that they sought the unconditional surrender of Japan, independence for Korea, and the expulsion of Japan from all the territories it had seized.

The several military missions have agreed upon future military operations against Japan. The Three Great Allies expressed their resolve to bring unrelenting pressure against their brutal enemies by sea, land, and air. This pressure is already mounting.

The Three Great Allies are fighting this war to restrain and punish the aggression of Japan. They covet no gain for themselves and have no thought of territorial expansion.

It is their purpose that Japan shall be stripped of all the islands in the Pacific which she has seized or occupied since the beginning of the first World War in 1914, and that all the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese, such as Manchuria, Formosa, and the Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China.

Japan will also be expelled from all other territories which she has taken by violence and greed. The aforesaid three great powers, mindful of the enslavement of the people of Korea, are determined that in due course Korea shall become free and independent.

With these objects in view the three Allies, in harmony with those of the United Nations at war with Japan, will continue to persevere in the serious and prolonged operations necessary to procure the unconditional surrender of Japan.


Further Reading
Declaration of the Cairo Conference, 23–25 November 1943, Released 1 December 1943. In U.S. Department of State, A Decade of American Foreign Policy: Basic Documents, 1941–1949 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950), 20. .
 

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