Double Victory: Minorities and Women During World War II
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62. Declaration on "Reciprocal Assistance and Cooperation for the Defense of the Nations of the Americas," Adopted at the Meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the American Republics in Havana, 30 July 1940

Meeting in Havana, Cuba, the foreign ministers of the United States and the various Latin American nations joined in a statement that an attack by a non-American nation on any one of them would be regarded as an attack on all.

The Second Meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the American Republics

DECLARES

That any attempt on the part of a non-American state against the integrity or inviolability of the territory, the sovereignty or the political independence of an American state shall be considered as an act of aggression against the states which sign this declaration.

In case acts of aggression are committed or should there be reason to believe that an act of aggression is being prepared by a non-American nation against the integrity or inviolability of the territory, the sovereignty or the political independence of an American nation, the nations signatory to the present declaration will consult among themselves in order to agree upon the measure it may be advisable to take.

All the signatory nations, or two or more of them, according to circumstances, shall proceed to negotiate the necessary complementary agreements so as to organize cooperation for defense and the assistance that they shall lend each other in the event of aggressions such as those referred to in this declaration.


Further Reading
James W. Gantenbein, Documentary Background of World War II 1931 to 1941 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1948), 994–996. .
 

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