Double Victory: Minorities and Women During World War II
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Hoge, William Morris (1894–1979)

U.S. Army general. Born on 13 January 1894 in Booneville, Missouri, William Hoge was commissioned in the engineers on graduation from the U.S. Military Academy in 1916. During World War I, he served with the 7th Engineers Regiment in France, seeing action in the Saint Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Offensives and rising to the command of a battalion.

After the war, Hoge held engineering assignments in the United States. He was an instructor at the Engineer School and the Infantry School. He graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1922 with a bachelor's degree in engineering and from Command and General Staff School in 1928, and he organized the Corps of Engineers for the Philippine army in 1937. Following the entry of the U.S. into World War II, Hoge was charged with the difficult job of building the northern segment of a highway across northwestern Canada to Alaska, the ALCAN Highway. By September 1942 when he left that post, he and his engineers had cut a road through 1,030 miles of uncharted wilderness, and supplies had begun to move along the road to Alaska.

Hall then transferred to the armored training force at Fort Knox, Kentucky. In late 1943, Hoge was again assigned to the engineers, and in the Normandy Invasion of 6 June 1944, he commanded the Provisional Engineers Special Brigade Group, which landed with the invasion forces and operated the beachhead. Later that year, Hoge took command of Combat Command B of the 9th Armored Division, leading it through heavy fighting around Saint Vith in the Battle of the Bulge (Ardennes) in December 1944. In March 1945, his units seized the Ludendorff Railroad Bridge across the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany, just minutes before it was scheduled for destruction by the retreating Germans, providing the Allies with a vital bridgehead across Germany's last major defense line. Hoge ended the war commanding the 4th Armored Division as a major general, spearheading the U.S. Third Army's drive into Czechoslovakia.

During the postwar years, Hoge commanded the Engineer Center at Fort Belvoir, Virginia; IX Corps in Korea in 1951; the Seventh Army; and U.S. ground forces in Europe before retiring as a full general in January 1955. Thereafter he was chairman of the board for Interlake Iron Company in Cleveland, Ohio. Hoge died at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, on 29 October 1979.

John Kennedy Ohl

Further Reading
Beck, Alfred, Abe Bortz, Charles W. Lynch, Linda Mayo, and Ralph F. Weld. The United States Army in World War II: The Corps of Engineers: The War against Germany. Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 1985.; Cole, Hugh M. The United States Army in World War II: The European Theater of Operations: The Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1965.; Greenwood, John T. "General Bill Hoge and the Alaska Highway." In Kenneth Coates, ed., The Alaska Highway: Papers of the 40th Anniversary Symposium. Vancouver, Canada: University of British Columbia Press, 1985.; MacDonald, Charles B. The United States Army in World War II: The European Theater of Operations: The Last Offensive. Washington, DC: Office of the Chief of Military History, 1973.

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