Promoted to full general in 1939, Prince Higashikuni served as commander in chief of the Home Defense Command between December 1941 and April 1945. Higashikuni was one of the pivotal figures opposing the Tojo Hideki cabinet and in favor of an early peace with the Allies. Following the resignation of the Suzuki Kantaro Cabinet, in the immediate aftermath of Japanese surrender, Higashikuni led a transitional Japanese cabinet between 17 August and 9 October 1945. He then retired from politics altogether. Higashikuni died in Tokyo on 20 January 1990. Tohmatsu Haruo
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