Double Victory: Minorities and Women During World War II
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Fushimi Hiroyasu, Imperial Prince (1872–1946)

Japanese Imperial prince and admiral. Born in Kyoto on 16 October 1872, Prince Fushimi Hiroyasu studied in Germany from 1890 to 1895. He entered the German Naval Academy in 1892, and in 1895 he graduated from it and from the German Naval War College. Promoted to lieutenant commander in 1903, Fushimi served onboard the battleship Mikasa during the 1904–1905 Russo-Japanese War. He was on the flagship during the October 1905 Battle of Tsushima, when he was wounded in action.

Fushimi held various line and staff duties, and he was promoted to full admiral in 1922. He occupied the post of chief of the navy General Staff from 1932 to 1941. Fushimi opposed the naval tonnage ratio fixed at the Washington Conference of 1921–1922. His support of the so-called Fleet Faction encouraged the hard-liners to push to increase their influence in the navy during the late 1930s.

During this period, Fushimi took over many of the functions traditionally under the jurisdiction of the navy ministry. He also saw to it that many high-ranking naval officers who had supported the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 were dismissed from the service. Replaced by Nagano Osami in April 1941, Fushimi thereafter had no practical influence on affairs of state or the war. He died in Tokyo on 16 August 1946.

Tohmatsu Haruo


Further Reading
Morley, James W. Japan Erupts: The London Naval Conference and the Manchurian Incident, 1928–1932. New York: Columbia University Press, 1984.; Nomura, Minoru. Tenno, Fushiminomiya to Nippon Kaigun [Emperor Hirohito, Prince Fushimi, and the Japanese navy]. Tokyo: Bungeishunju, 1988.; Shillony, Ben-Ami. Politics and Culture in Wartime Japan. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press, 1981.; Titus, Stephen J. Emperor Hirohito and Showa Japan: A Political Biography. London and New York: Routledge, 1992.
 

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