Double Victory: Minorities and Women During World War II
Teaser Image

Bór-Komorowski, Tadeusz (1895–1966)

Polish army general and commander of the armed underground movement in Poland. Born in Chorobrów, a village in the Brzezany district of Austrian Poland, on 1 June 1895, Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski joined the Austro-Hungarian army in 1913 and studied at the Military Academy in Vienna. Until 1918, he fought on the Russian and Italian Fronts, attaining the rank of second lieutenant. After 1918, he served in the Polish army, mostly commanding cavalry units, and he was promoted to colonel in 1933.

Komorowski was supervising a cavalry training center in the Polish Corridor (the territory separating East Prussia from the rest of Germany) at the time of the September 1939 German invasion of Poland. Although his unit was forced to surrender at the end of September, Komorowski avoided capture and joined the underground Zwiazek Walki Zbrojnej (ZWZ, Union for Armed Struggle) in Kraków.

In May 1940, the commander in Chief of Polish armed forces in exile, General Wladyslaw Sikorski, sent Komorowski to Warsaw as a brigadier general and deputy commander to General Stefan Rowecki, then leader of the ZWZ. When the Gestapo arrested Rowecki in 1943, Komorowski replaced him, under the pseudonym Bór, as commander of the armed underground movement, which had become the Armia Krajowa (AK, Home Army) in 1942.

On Komorowski's orders, given with the approval of the government-in-exile's delegate in Poland, the Home Army rose against the German occupation in Warsaw on 1 August 1944. Although the Germans were hard-pressed to put down this Polish effort to retake Warsaw, the uprising ended in utter defeat for the Poles after two months of heavy fighting.

After his promotion to commander in chief of the Polish armed forces on 30 September, Komorowski was captured by the Germans in October 1944. Liberated by the U.S. Army on 5 May 1945, he emigrated to London and resigned as commander in chief in 1946. As prime minister of the Polish government-in-exile from 1947 to 1949, Komorowski remained a prominent member of the Polish émigré community until he died in England on 24 August 1966.

Pascal Trees


Further Reading
Bór-Komorowski, Tadeusz. The Secret Army. Nashville, TN: Battery Press, 1984.; Korbonski, Stefan. The Polish Underground State. New York: Columbia University Press, 1978.; Kunert, Andrzej, comp. Generao Bór-Komorowski w relacjach i dokumentach (General Bór-Komorowski based on reports and documents). Warsaw: RYTM, 2000.
 

©2011 ABC-CLIO. All rights reserved.

  About the Author/Editor
  Introduction
  Essays
  A
  B
  C
  D
  E
  F
  G
  H
  I
  J
  K
  L
  M
  N
  O
  P
  Q
  R
  S
  T
  U
  V
  W
  X
  Y
  Z
  Documents Prior to 1938
  1939 Documents
  1940 Documents
  1941 Documents
  1942 Documents
  1943 Documents
  1944 Documents
  1945 Documents
  Images
ABC-cLIO Footer