Double Victory: Minorities and Women During World War II
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Arnauld de la Perière, Lothar von (1886–1942)

German navy admiral. Born in Posen (today Poznan, Poland) in 1886, Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière entered the Imperial German Navy in 1903 and was commissioned in 1906. He became a torpedo specialist. Following sea duty, in 1913 Arnaud became adjutant to chief of the naval staff Admiral Hugo von Pohl. He then spent time in Britain acquiring language skills until the outbreak of World War I.

Returning to Germany, Arnauld volunteered for the Imperial Naval Air Service (Zeppelins), but he was recalled by von Pohl. He then volunteered for U-boat service, and on completing submarine school, in October 1915 he took command of the U-35 based at Pola on the Adriatic. From November 1915 to March 1918, Arnaud completed 14 cruises with the Pola Flotilla. During one cruise alone in 1916, he sank 54 ships totaling more than 90,150 tons. In March 1918, Arnaud took command of the U-139 in the Atlantic. During his wartime total of 16 patrols, Arnauld sank 196 ships totaling 455,716 tons. This record stands unsurpassed in both world wars and indeed all history.

Retained in the German navy following World War I, Arnauld filled staff billets and commanded the light cruiser Emden from 1928 to 1930. He left the navy in 1931 as a captain and subsequently taught at the Turkish Naval Academy from 1932 to 1938. Recalled to the German navy at the start of World War II, Arnauld subsequently served as naval commander in Belgium, the Netherlands, Brittany, and western France. Promoted to vice admiral and named Admiral Southeast, he died in a plane crash at Le Bourget airport in Paris on 24 February 1942 en route to take up his new command.

Dana Lombardy and T. P. Schweider


Further Reading
Grey, Edwin A. The U-Boat War, 1914–1918. London: Leo Cooper, 1972.; Miller, David. U-Boats. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 2001.; Tarrant, V. E. The U-Boat Offensive, 1914–1945. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1989.
 

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