In December 1944, Anami became inspector general of army aviation. Highly regarded within the army, in April 1945 he became army minister in the government of Prime Minister Suzuki Kantaro. Anami was one of those who urged that Japan continue the war. Even after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima on 6 August 1945 and the Soviet Union's declaration of war on Japan two days later, Anami continued to urge Emperor Hirohito to remain in the war. Anami believed that Japan could negotiate more satisfactory terms if it could inflict heavy losses on Allied forces invading the Japanese home islands. Foreign minister Togo Shigenori and Minister of the Navy Admiral Yonai Mitsumasa opposed Anami's position. In any case, Emperor Hirohito decided to accept the Potsdam Declaration and surrender. Anami and other hawks in the army plotted a military coup d'état, but Anami finally agreed to accept the surrender, and this development led to collapse of plans for a coup. Anami committed suicide in Tokyo on 15 August 1945, shortly before Hirohito's broadcast to the Japanese people.
Frank, Richard B. Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire. New York: Random House, 1999.; Oki, Shuji. Anami Korechika Den (The life of Anami Korechika). Tokyo: Kodansha, 1970.